Wine, a free compatibility layer to run Windows applications on Linux, released 4.0 stable recently. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 18.04, Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 14.04, Linux Mint 18.x and 19.
Wine 4.0 is a big release that features:
- Vulkan support.
- Direct3D 12 support.
- Game controllers support.
- High-DPI support on Android.
- See announcement for more.
The official wine repository offers Ubuntu packages for all current Ubuntu releases, so you can easily install it via following steps:
1. Open terminal from application menu, then run command to enable 32 bit architecture:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
Type user password (no visual feedback) when it prompts and hit Enter.
2. Run command to download and add the repository key:
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
3. For Ubuntu 18.04, Linux Mint 19.x, run command to add the repository:
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'
For other releases, replace bionic in the code with:
- cosmic for Ubuntu 18.10.
- xenial for Ubuntu 16.04, and Linux Mint 18.x.
- trusty for Ubuntu 14.04.
4. Finally check system package cache and install Wine 4.0:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable
For Ubuntu 18.04 and higher, you can skip apt-get update as it’s done after adding PPA.
How to Use Wine in Ubuntu:
Once installed, you need to generate configuration file by running command:
It prompts you to install some libraries and finally launches the configuration dialog.
To run a .exe file, right-click on file, select “Open with Other Application”, and choose “Wine Windows Program Loader”.
To remove Wine repository, go to Software & Updates -> Other Software, highlight the repository line and remove it.
To remove wine, run command in terminal:
sudo apt-get remove --autoremove wine-stable winehq-stable